OCEAN 34 celebrates 10 years of publishing OCEAN environmental e-newsletter. This is your newsletter and our success has only been possible through your support and sharing of each issue. Our main article on African Dust may seem an eccentric indulgence of research, until some surprising pieces begin falling together. Using foot power to do your laundry and generating electricity by flushing your toilet, showcase innovative energy developments. Water is a defining element in our World, especially when it vanishes and we take a closer look at two drought events: One contributed to the unprecedented CA wildfires and the other generated ecological stress in the Amazon.

Gordon Peabody, Editor of OCEAN 



OCEAN 33 We are envious of the “live smaller, live better, take it anywhere” concept our researcher Noelle Marston uncovered and brought to our attention. Rae Taylor Burns explores solar powered road surfaces, while Brigid McKenna takes a close look at links between Atlantic Ocean temperature changes and plankton. Closer to home, Cape Cod’s Oak trees have been eaten alive by caterpillars and we investigated the details of what has been referred to as “Caterpillar Winter”. OCEAN contains no advertising or solicitation for funds and has been made Public Domain. Our readers are free to use and share this publication as they wish. Thank you,

Gordon Peabody, OCEAN Editor




Thank you for reading, sharing and supporting our 32nd issue of OCEAN. This issue explores some remarkable, technical advances aiding the environment: a drone designed to monitor how whales breath differently when no humans are around; new wind energy innovations; and the most remarkable invention, allowing water to be transported in

undeveloped countries, by rolling it as a wheel. Thank you to OCEAN's team of environmental researchers and to you our readers, for reading, sharing and believing in new ideas with us.

Gordon Peabody, Editor