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The Gulf Stream is an example of a powerful heat transfer current from warmer southern lattitudes to colder northern lattitudes. This is a wind driven current.

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The surface map illustrates Thermohaline Circulation (THC). This type of current is driven by differences in temperature and salinity between water masses.

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The above diagram integrates wind driven and thermohaline driven currents world wide.

 

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The full scope of 3 dimensional, world ocean currents, opens our eyes to the world scale of critical inter-ocean relationships.

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For further reading please view our publication: CHANGES IN THE NORTH ATLANTIC DRIFT CURRENT